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Macroeconomic conditions, health and mortality

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Christopher J Ruhm, Jefferson-Pilot Excellence Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Although health is conventionally believed to deteriorate during macroeconomic downturns, the empirical evidence supporting this view is quite weak and comes from studies containing methodological shortcomings that are difficult to remedy.Recent research that better controls for many sources of omitted variables bias instead suggests that mortality decreases and physical health improves when the economy temporarily weakens. This partially reflects reductions in external sources of death, such as traffic fatalities and other accidents, but changes in lifestyles and health behaviour are also likely to play a role. This chapter summarizes our current understanding of how health is affected by macroeconomic fluctuations and describes potential mechanisms for the effects.

Additional Information

Publication
National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, Dec. 2004, No. 11007
Language: English
Date: 2004
Keywords
Economics, Fitness, Health and wellness, Recession, Economic downturn