Stair falls: caregiver's "missed steps" a source of childhood fractures

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Amanda M. Asaro (Creator)
Jennifer L. Forbes (Creator)
George D. Gantsoudes (Creator)
Scott J. Mubarak (Creator)
Andrew T. Pennock (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: "Background The purpose of this study was to describe fractures sustained by children and to analyze the associated costs when a caretaker falls down stairs while holding a child. Materials and methods Between 2004 and 2012, 16 children who sustained a fracture after a fall down stairs while being carried by a caregiver were identified. Parents/caregivers were interviewed to see how the fall occurred, and a cost analysis was performed. Results The average age of the patients was 14.5 months (7–51 months). The lower extremity was involved in 15 of 16 fractures, with 8 involving the femur. The majority were buckle fractures, but all diaphyseal femur fractures were spiral. Three patients required a reduction in the operating room. All fractures healed with cast immobilization. Five patients underwent skeletal surveys, as the treating physicians were concerned about potential child abuse. The average cost of treatment was $6785 (range $948–45,876). Detailed histories from the caregivers showed that they “missed a step” due to the child being carried in front of the caregiver, obscuring their vision. Conclusions A fall in a caregiver’s arms while going down stairs can result in multiple orthopedic injuries. The costs of treating these injuries are not insignificant, and the suspicion of child abuse can be both costly and unnecessary in the case of a true accident. While descending the stairs with a child in their arms, the caregiver should hold the child to the side so as not to obscure their vision of the step with one arm, ideally holding the handrail with the other. Level of evidence IV case series."

Additional Information

Journal of Children's Orthopaedics; 8:1 p. 77-81
Language: English
Date: 2014
Cost analysis, Accidental falls, Pediatric fractures

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