ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Susan Williams Moore (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site:
John G. Cope

Abstract: This study explored the nature of leadership styles in women and men. Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire was administered as a means of objective assessment of the leadership style of various professionals. Previous studies have identified and outlined the potential for women and men to exhibit different stylistic tendencies in leadership roles. This study first aimed to identify whether women would exhibit more transformational and men more transactional leadership behaviors on the MLQ. Secondly this study also aimed to identify the predicting effect of gender and age on leadership styles in an organizational setting. To test these hypotheses statistical tests were performed including t-tests and seven sequential multiple regression analyses on the results of the leadership questionnaire. Contrary to previously established meta-analyses of gender and leadership this study found that neither women nor men tended to exhibit more transformational or transactional behaviors. Worth noting is the fact that women did differ significantly from men on one of the five transformational subscales: individual consideration. Additionally this study's results found no predictive capacity of age for leadership style. The need for further research into the leadership styles of professionals of various ages and at different levels in their field may in turn help streamline professional training standards and the expectations of different individuals in supervising capacities within a business setting. 

Additional Information

Date: 2012
Psychology, Gender studies, Organizational behavior, Age, gender differences, transactional, transformational
Transformational leadership
Sex differences
Leadership in women

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GENDER DIFFERENCES IN OCCUPATIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLES described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.