The Effects of Total Sleep Deprivation on Bayesian Updating

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David L. Dickinson Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Subjects perform a decision task (Grether, 1980) in both a well-rested and experimentally sleep-deprived state. We have two main results: 1) final choice accuracy is unaffected by sleep deprivation, and yet 2) the estimated decision model differs significantly following sleep-deprivation. Following sleep deprivation, subjects place significantly less weight on new information in forming their beliefs. Because the altered decision process still maintains decision accuracy, it may suggest that increased accident and error rates attributed to reduced sleep in modern society stem from reduced auxiliary function performance (e.g., slowed reaction time, reduced motor skills) or other components of decision making, rather than the inability to integrate multiple pieces of information.

Additional Information

Publication
Dickinson, David L., and Sean P.A. Drummond (2008) The Effects of Total Sleep Deprivation on Bayesian Updating. Judgment and Decision Making, 3(2): 181-90. (ISSN: 1930-2975) Published by Society for Judgment and Decision Making.
Language: English
Date: 2008