Dayna Touron Ph.D.
There are 6 included publications by Dayna Touron Ph.D.:
|Are Item-Level Strategy Shifts Abrupt and Collective? Age Differences in Cognitive Skill Acquisition
||Item-level analysis allows for the examination of qualitative age and individual differences in skill
acquisition, which are obscured when aggregating data across items. In the present study, item-level strategy shifts were generally gradual and var...
|Cognitive Skill Acquisition and Transfer in Younger and Older Adults
||The acquisition of cognitive skills often depends on 1 of (or a combination of) 2 processes, the execution of an algorithm, and the retrieval of problem instances. This study examined the effects of age and repetition of problem instances on the prod...
|Cognitive Skill Learning: Age-Related Differences in Strategy Shifts and Speed of Component Operations
||Younger and older adults solved novel arithmetic problems and reported the strategies used for obtaining solutions. Age deficits were demonstrated in the latencies for computing and retrieving solutions and in the shift from computation to retrieval....
|Distinguishing Age Differences in Knowledge, Strategy Use, and Confidence During Strategic Skill Acquisition
||The authors examined how age differences in strategy selection are related to associative learning deficits and metacognitive variables, including memory ability confidence. In Experiment 1, increases in memory reliance for performance of the noun-pa...
|Moderation of Older Adults' Retrieval Reluctance Through Task Instructions and Monetary Incentives
||Previous research using a noun-pair lookup task indicates that older adults delay strategy shift from visual scanning to memory retrieval despite adequate learning, and that this “retrieval reluctance” is related to subjective choice factors. Age dif...
|Strategy Shift Affordance and Strategy Choice in Young and Older Adults
||When skill acquisition involves a shift in strategy (such as from rule-based to retrieval-based processing), older adults typically shift later in practice than young adults do. We observed the shift from scanning-based to memory-based processing in ...