Phoebe Ann Pollitt PhD

Dr. Phoebe A. Pollitt of Boone serves as a Professor in the Department of Nursing. She holds a Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro and was an Excellence Fellowship recipient. She also has a Master of Arts degree in education from Appalachian State University and a Bachelor of Science in nursing from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She finished her Master of Science in nursing program at East Carolina University in 2008.

There are 69 included publications by Phoebe Ann Pollitt PhD:

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
70th Anniversary Of The Student Nurse Association Of North Carolina 2019 54 The upcoming 2019 NCNA Annual Convention marks 70 years since delegates to the 42nd Convention, held in High Point in 1949, voted to sponsor a statewide Student Nurse Association. Four months later, on February 8, 1950, 136 student nurses and 15 facu...
Advocacy: An Essential Competency Of The Clinical Nurse Specialist 2019 302 In 1956 Dr Hildegarde Peplau established the first Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) program, resulting in the first advanced practice nursing role. The CNS is one of 4 advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) roles prepared by education at the master...
Appalachian's First Health Care Provider, Nurse Mary S. Shook 2016 345 Generations of Appalachian students received care from this founding member of the Student Health Association of North Carolina. The university's M.S. Shook Health Service is named for her.
Appalachia Health Care: The Grace Hospital School Of Nursing 1992 275 After the Civil War and Recontruction, the South was in chaos. The economy was in a shambles and many social institutions had been destroyed. The task of rebuilding society frequently fell to the churches. Many Protestant denominations sent mission w...
Book Review -- A Special Place: St. Mary's Hospital School Of Nursing, Clarksburg, West Virginia, 1905-1969, A History (Compiled And Edited By Barbara W. Flewellyn) 2020 5 A book review by Phoebe Pollitt of A Special Place: St. Mary's Hospital School of Nursing, Clarksburg, West Virginia, 1905-1969, A History (compiled and edited by Barbara W. Flewellyn).
A Brief History Of The Duke University School Of Nursing 2021 111 Ninety years ago, on January 2, 1931, the Duke University School of Nursing opened its doors to its first class of 24 students. Only a year earlier, Dean Bessie Baker, RN, moved to Durham to lead the new nursing school and to also become head of Nurs...
Brief History Of Men In Nursing In North Carolina 2017 240 Before the 1950s, professional nursing was not welcoming to men. The American Nurses Association did not allow male membership for its first 40 years and the US Army Nurse Corps only began employing male nurses in 1955. Very few men were taught or pr...
Brief History Of Nursing In Rural North Carolina 2018 156 For over a hundred years, organized nursing in North Carolina has recognized the unique health challenges faced by people living in rural areas. From the founding of nurse Lydia Holman's Holman Association in 1903 to today's focus on telehealth and a...
Brief History Of School Nursing In North Carolina 2018 162 Within a decade of Lina Rogers Struthers becoming the first school nurse in the United States in 1902 in New York City, Percy Powers of Winston-Salem became the first school nurse in North Carolina. In 1911, the Wayside Workers of the Home Moravian C...
Caring for Communities in 'The Land of the Sky': Health Care Institutions and Asheville Multiculturalism 2014 197 This article won the NC Association of Historians 2014 Brewster Award.
Catherine Natsuko Yamaguchi Chin: An Extraordinary Life 2021 84 A brief bio of Catherine Natsuko Yamaguchi, who was was one of about 85 Japanese American registered nurses to be forced into Relocation Centers across the country (U.S.A.).
A Century Of Legislative Accomplishments Of North Carolina Nurses 2015 111 A timeline of some major North Carolina legislative accomplishments by NC nurses during the twentieth century.
Charlotte Rhone: First African American Registered Nurse 2015 201 New Bern, North Carolina, can proudly claim to be the home of the first African American Registered Nurse in the United States -- Charlotte Rhone.
Charlotte Rhone: Nurse, Welfare Worker, And Entrepreneur 2015 260 Charlotte Rhone, a pioneering African American nurse born in Craven County, North Carolina, at the end of the post–Civil War Reconstruction era, grew up in a society shaped by the harshly discriminatory Jim Crow laws enacted in her home state and in ...
Dr. Ernestine Brown Small: Activist, Leader, Scholar 2022 23 With intelligence, determination, and courage, Ernestine Brown Small, born into a family of rural sharecroppers in Northampton County, became the 34th President of NCNA. Small's parents were unable to finish high school because they had to work to he...
Dunnwyche — NCNA’s Home For Tubercular Nurses 2018 115 In the early twentieth century, tuberculosis (TB), a highly contagious disease, was a leading cause of death in North Carolina. During that era, TB treatment consisted of long bed rest, proper nutrition and fresh air. About half of the people who con...
Environmental Nursing: Leaders Reflect On The 50th Anniversary Of Earth Day 2020 374 The notion that “it takes a village” rings particularly true for the incredible progress that a small village of environmental health nursing leaders has helped to accomplish. Many nurses who come to environmental health also have had an abiding rela...
Ernest Grant's Journey To ANA President 2019 198 On January 1, 2019, James Ernest Grant, RN, PhD, FAAN, became president of the American Nurses Association. His election to ANA's highest office is historic because Grant is the first male ANA president, the third African American to lead the organiz...
Esther McReady, RN: Nursing Advocate For Civil Rights 2016 638 More than a decade before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as an African American teenager from Baltimore, Maryland, Esther McCready challenged the discriminatory admissions policies of the University of Maryland School of Nursing (UMSON). The article e...
The First Registered Nurse In The United States: Josephine (Bradham) Burton 2012 719 For over a hundred years the story and even the name of the first registered nurse (RN) in the United States has been inaccurately reported and shrouded in mystery. Nurse Mary Rose Batterham went to her grave in 1927, 24 years after she registered he...
Frances Stout, R.N.: Community Health Leader Of The Tohono O'odham Nation 2011 54 After spending 33 years caring for the health needs of her fellow Native Americans as a nurse with the Indian Health Service, Frances Stout, R.N., had earned a well-deserved rest. She could have taken some time for herself, started a hobby, or perhap...
From National Negro Health Week to National Public Health Week 1996 1847 National Negro Health Week is a program that targeted the African-American population,and this precursor of National Public Health Week left a legacy of health awareness in the US. Theactive political participation of local and national National Negr...
Goldie Allen: Appalachian Itinerant Red Cross Nurse 1993 60 At the turn of the twentieth century gains in knowledge related to the etiology, transmission, treatment, and prevention of many diseases gave rise to new efforts in the field of public health. Women trained in the emerging field of professional publ...
HELP! I Need A Reference Librarian, An Archivist, And A Website Guru -- And I Found Them All In Belk Library! 2014 232 This presentation demonstrates what happened when a Nursing Professor and a Health Sciences Librarian joined forces to build a nursing history website. At Appalachian State University’s Belk Library it sparked what became an ongoing collaboration wit...
Heroes Of Healing: A Tribute To NC Nurses 2021 86 Nursing has a long history in North Carolina, yet the stories of the women and men who care for us too often go untold . . . Nurses are all around us: in hospitals, clinics, psychiatric facilities, prisons, schools, hospice centers, and people's home...
History Of Hospice Nursing -- North Carolina Nurses Making An Impact 2022 11 Providing care for dying people has existed in cultures around the globe and throughout recorded history. During the Middle Ages, Christian religious orders established networks of hospices across Europe, in particular along the routes of the Crusade...
History Of Legislation Affecting NPs In North Carolina 2017 260 One of NONA’S legislative priorities in 2017 is House Bill 88/Senate Bill 73, the Modernize Nursing Practice Act. The bill is currently working its way through the General Assembly, and will allow, among other things, full practice authority for APRN...
The History Of Professional Nursing In North Carolina, 1902-2002 2014 1197 For over 100 years, North Carolina nurses have joined an honored profession and worn their uniforms proudly. The years of rigorous training, the long hours and low pay have been balanced by the knowledge: that they were providing a unique service in ...
Jane Renwick Smedburg Wilkes 1999 339 Jane Wilkes of Charlotte, NC was one of the first women to volunteer to nurse sick and wounded Civil War soldiers at both the Wayside Hospital and the Confederate Military Hospital in Charlotte. These early nursing volunteers formed the Ladies Hospit...
Kathleen Bragg Of Ocracoke: Pioneer Outer Banks Nurses 2020 78 The Outer Banks are a 175-mile chain of remote and windswept barrier islands that skirt the coast of North Carolina; Ocracoke Island is one of the most isolated. Before the 1950s, there were no paved roads, electricity, water, or sewer systems on the...
Learning Freely: Black Education In North Carolina After The Civil War 1993 64 In the antebellum era, free black children in North Carolina could attend school, but few schools existed to serve this group. All enslaved people were legally banned from any form of schooling on the pain of fines, imprisonment and the whipping post...
Let's Start At The Very Beginning 2021 14 In September (2021), Meka Douthit EL was installed as the 55th president of your North Carolina Nurses Association. This seems like a good time to look back at some of the first of her 54 predecessors!
Lina Rogers Struthers: The First School Nurse 1994 492 The history of modern nursing in the United States has not been amply explored. Many nurses working today are unaware of important figures from our collective professional past. This article is an attempt to retrieve a small but significant piece of ...
A Look Back At The NC Association Of Colored Graduate Nurses 2016 181 When NCNA formed in 1902, membership privileges were extended only to white nurses. Although North Carolina was then home to several high caliber nursing schools for African Americans, including St. Agnes in Raleigh, Lincoln in Durham, and Good Samar...
A Look To The Past: NC Nursing Greats, Mary Lewis Wyche 2009 94 Mary Lewis Wyche was born on February 26, 1858 near Henderson in Vance County. As a young woman, she wanted to become a nurse but was thwarted by both family obligations and the absence of any schools of nursing in North Carolina. Her calling to beco...
The Lumbee Indian Nurses 2015 335 The origins of the 55,000 member Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina are unclear. Many think the Lumbee are descendants of Sir Walter Raleigh’s Roanoke Island “Lost Colonists” of 1587, the first permanent English settlers in North America. A new group of ...
Madelon "Glory" Battle Hancock, Heroine Of World War I 2017 260 2017 marks the 100th anniversary of the United States' entry in World War I (WW1). Few know that Madelon "Glory" Battle Hancock of Asheville, North Carolina, was the most decorated nurse who served with the Allied Forces in WW1. As a British Red Cros...
Margaret Dolan -- National Nursing Leader 2017 355 Margaret Baggett Dolan was the fifth of nine children born to John and Allene Keeter Baggett on March 17, 1914, in Lillington, North Carolina. She graduated from Georgetown Hospital School of Nursing in 1935. Dolan began her career in community healt...
Mary Rose Batterham: The Second Registered Nurse In The United States 2012 118 Mary Rose Batterham spent her first decade as a nurse battling everything from typhoid epidemics to state legislators. She was a remarkable woman possessing a range of abilities which included assisting in surgeries performed on kitchen tables in App...
NCNA's 113th Convention . . . In 118 Years? 2020 28 A brief history of the North Carolina Nursing Association's Annual Conventions (NCNA), first held in Asheville on June 9-12, 1903.
North Carolina, Pioneer In American Nursing 2010 644 On March 3, 1903, before women in the United States had the right to vote or were allowed to hold public office, the state legislature in North Carolina, at the urging of the newly formed North Carolina State Nurses Association (NCSNA), passed the fi...
The North Carolina Association Of Colored Graduate Nurses: A Proud Heritage 1997 66 In this article the authors discuss the development of the North Carolina Association of Colored Graduate Nurses.
North Carolina Chiefs Of The United States Army Nurse Corps 2015 128 The Spanish American War of 1898 was the first war in which the US Army hired graduate nurses to serve on a contract basis. Their work saved many lives and in 1903 the US Congress established a permanent US Army Nurse Corps (USANC). Thousands of nurs...
Nurse Frances Allen And The 1944 Polio Epidemic In Hickory 2020 71 As all our lives are being affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, it is good to remember and honor a nurse who played an important role during an earlier epidemic in our state. In 1944, the national nursing workforce was seriously depleted meeting the ne...
Nurses Fight For The Right To Vote: Spotlighting Four Nurses Who Supported The Women’s Suffrage Movement 2018 1579 The Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees women the right to vote. Its ratification in 1920 represented the culmination of a decades-long fight in which thousands of women and men marched, picketed, lobbied, and gave speeches in su...
Nurses In The Civil Rights Movement 2016 1845 A black student at a “whites-only” Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina; a Freedom Rider in Jackson, Mississippi; a participant in the March on Washington; a community organizer for the Freedom Summer; two marchers from Selma to Mo...
Nurses In Congress: Eddie Bernice Johnson 2020 159 Texas nurse Eddie Bernice Johnson became the first nurse to win a national office in 1993 when she was elected to serve the 30th Congressional District of Texas in the United States House of Representatives. Twenty-six years later, Johnson continues ...
Nursing Ambassador To The World 2009 414 One of the most inspiring yet little-known life stories of a minority nursing pioneer is that of U.S. Public Health Service nurse Mary Lee Mills, MSN, RN, MPH, CNM. Now 96 years old, Mills was born in 1912 and raised outside Watha, an impoverished ru...
Nursing and the New Deal: We Met the Challenge 1997 1052 The years of the great depression were marked with unemployment and economic ruin for many people. Americans were left feeling helpless and hopeless. After the 1932 presidental election of Franklin Roosevelt, his administration embarked on a course o...
Nursing History Council Recaps The First NCNA Convention 2014 119 This is a brief recap of nurse Mary Lewis Wyche's efforts to create and establish a statewide nursing organization in North Carolina.
Nursing in a Time and Place of Peril: Five North Carolina Nurses 2013 1019 Nurses are all around us. They attend our births and deaths, administer healing treatments when we are ill andhelp us promote well-being through public health and mental health programs. Almost every family can identify a nurseor two on its family tr...
Pioneering Health Care For African-Americans 2015 46 The story of African-American health care in Chattanooga begins in 1905, the year Dr. Emma Wheeler and her husband, Dr. John Wheeler, came to Chattanooga to set up a joint medical practice . . . At the time, Baroness Erlanger Hospital, the largest an...
Public Spirit 2013 187 In the early decades of the 20th century, life was very hard for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) in western North Carolina. Every major index of quality of life, including housing, education and health care, was deplorable, even by the st...
Reaching Millennials With Nursing History 2016 612 The North Carolina Nursing History (NCNH) website, a comprehensive, award-winning, and rich educational resource, was developed by nursing and library faculty and staff at Appalachian State University and is being used by nursing faculty and students...
Remembering Nurses In The 1918 Flu Pandemic 2020 70 From 1918 to 1921, an H1N1 influenza virus killed tens of millions of people around the globe. That pandemic first appeared in North Carolina in September 1918. Within weeks, thousands were sickened and many died. Governments shuttered schools, churc...
Reverend Hannah Powell And Friendly House: A Universalist Mission In Appalachia 2000 186 Universalism has had a checkered history in Appalachian North Carolina. Since the establishment of the first church in the post-Civil War era, there have been periods of great interest and growing membership interspersed with years of decline and neg...
Russell Eugene Tranbarger: Renaissance Nurse 2013 825 “If you are going to get involved—get involved. Don’t sit on the sidelines,” says Dr. Russell Eugene Tranbarger. Without question, he has followed his own advice. Educator, clinician, historian, legislative advocate, leader, author, editor, role mode...
The Salem School And Orphanage: White Missionaries, Black School 1993 679 The academic focus on multiculturalism in the late 20th century gives the impression that society was homogeneous until very recently. In particular, and despite the efforts of numerous scholars, the myth persists that the Appalachian region is a sta...
Sam Beam, RN: North Carolina's First Registered Nurse State Legislator 2021 48 A column/essay on Sam Beam, RN -- North Carolina's first Registered Nurse State Legislator, who served in the NC House of Representatives from 1980-1984 and served as legislative assistant to the Speaker of the NC House of Representatives from 1984-1...
School Nursing In North Carolina: From A New Idea To The New Deal (Part 1) 1997 107 School nursing programs were introduced in New York City in 1902. Afterward, several municipal school and health districts, particularly in the Northeast and the West, began their own school nursing services (Rogers, 1917). In other areas of the coun...
School Nursing In North Carolina: From A New Idea To The New Deal (Part 2) 1997 60 Complementing the work of the nurses from the State Board of Health was the effort of hundreds of nurses employed by church and civic groups to· provide public health services to their communities. Their work usually included school health. The Ameri...
Serving With Care And Compassion: North Carolina Nurses In The Spanish-American War 2012 227 Lucy Ashby Sharp, born January 13, 1862, dreamed of becoming a nurse while growing up after the Civil War on the family plantation, Edgewood, near Eden in Rockingham County, North Carolina. She probably imagined herself in a crisp white uniform with ...
St. Agnes Of Nursing: A Legacy Of Hope 2000 195 This article traces the beginning of African Americans in the nursing profession in the state of North Carolina with particular emphasis on the origin and demise of the St. Agnes School of Nursing at St. Augustine's College in Raleigh, NC.
Terry Taylor, RN: Courageous HIV/AIDS Activist 2020 116 Terry Sullivan Taylor, RN, was born in Charlotte in 1941 and graduated from Watts Hospital School of Nursing in Durham in 1959. While Taylor was in nursing school, her sister Tonda “came out” as a lesbian. Her parents reacted as many people reacted i...
Two North Carolina Nurses Who Served In The Korean War 2020 78 Fifty years ago, on June 27, 1950, the United States entered a war on the Korean Peninsula to fight aggression by the communist government of North Korea. Before the armistice was declared in 1953, 540 nurses served in Korea and another 1,000 or so s...
UNC-Chapel Hill School Of Nursing Celebrates 70 Years Of Nursing Education 2021 9 On the crisp fall morning of September 14, 1951, a group of 27 young, White, women arrived on the segregated campus of UNC-Chapel Hill to begin their historic journey as the first class of Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree students in North Carol...
Using A Nursing History Web Site With Today's Nursing Students 2015 352 Recognizing the importance of nursing history, an interdisciplinary team at Appalachian State University created a North Carolina Nursing History Web site (http://nursinghistory.appstate.edu/). The Web site can be used for teaching undergraduate and ...
Virginia Sneed Dixon: Remarkable Eastern Band Cherokee Indian RN And Military Heroine 2021 9 Virginia Sneed was a young Cherokee nurse from the Qualla Boundary when she joined the US Army Nurse Corps to fight fascism and promote democracy around the world. Despite facing racial discrimination as a child, she volunteered for overseas duty in ...
When One Goes Nursing, All Things Must Be Expected 2002 294 The names and accomplishment of Ella King Newsome, Phoebe Yates Pember, and Kate Cummings are familiar to students of Confederate and Civil War nursing history. Newsome, Pember, and Yates were great nursing leaders, organizing and managing large hosp...